Applique work is one of the oldest & finest crafts. It has been a part of religious traditions for centuries in India. One of the famous applique craft comes from a small village in Orissa, called Pipli. The livelihood of village particularly runs from Pipli artwork, that is how it has acquired its name. Locally referred as Chandua, it owes its origin to Lord Jagannath in the 12th century. The applique was a way to recycle the unused or leftover fabrics in those time which soon gained notice as an art & paved its way during the years. Earlier Pipli craftsmen used to make artwork of only canopies, banners, umbrellas & long fans for religious ceremonies. Due to the craft’s popularity, now it is designed into many artifacts & utility items like wall hangings, lampshades, bags, letter racks, cushions etc.
Pipli Artwork Technique
Coloured patterns are designated over a base fabric using various cloth pieces & small ornaments through different types of stitches. Chain stitch (chikana) is used to give ornamental effect on motifs. Similarly, ruching stitch is used to create floral motifs, hem stitch to provide neat finish, buttonhole stitch to embellish small mirrors or rings to the fabric. Ganthi stitch is used to create more elaborate motifs and stem stitch acts as a temporary stitch to hold the base fabric. In the modern days, machine stitching has also been in action too which give more profits & less time-consuming.
Earlier, traditional colors like red, yellow, black and green were used but now other colors are also being considered. Depending on their intricate motifs & size, it can take up one full day or even 2 to 3 months. Some of the common motifs are an elephant, peacock, lotus, gods, etc. Among ornaments, glass pieces, metal wires, metal, wood pieces are used. After attaching the applique patches to the base cloth, the borders are stitched.
This enthralling art form is breathtaking. Similarly, there are other popular art forms from Odisha. For instance, terracotta which is a tribal art form is made with a special type of clay, molded into different forms & finished generally with natural terracotta color. There are also products made of coir art. To know more of these ancient crafts you may visit this link and here
You may visit marketstreat.com to discover and purchase products that have been made by using these ancient forms of art & craft with a touch of a modern twist.